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Experiential Therapy

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Experiential Therapy for Addiction Treatment

Maybe you’re reading out of concern for a loved one. Perhaps you’re seeking help for yourself. In either case, you’ve taken a giant step in the right direction. Just like diabetes or asthma, substance abuse disorder is a chronic disease without a cure. Fortunately, every day, people learn to manage it and lead happy, productive lives.

However, the battle for recovery calls for numerous weapons like behavioral therapy, group sessions, and 12-step models. Experiential therapy is an effective approach to add to the arsenal.

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What Is Experiential Therapy?

Traditional talk therapy in an office setting certainly has its place. The experiential method, also known as humanistic or emotion-based treatment, gives therapists extra insight into clients’ inner thoughts and emotions.

People in talk therapy or group sessions, at least initially, are a little nervous. They’re somewhat guarded and choose their words carefully. That’s because they focus on the therapy itself and on how they’re being perceived.

What Makes Experiential Therapy Different?

The experiential approach is all about transparent self-expression. Through role-playing, art, animal care, or a wide range of other activities, clients create significant life experiences. They gradually abandon their inhibitions. Without even realizing it, they stop holding back and become more genuine.

This process exposes underlying pain and emotions that have never been addressed. Subconscious attitudes and beliefs rise to the surface. Clients and their therapists then explore those together in the context of the here and now. For example, acting out a typical family dinner from childhood could shed light on a present-day eating disorder.


History of the Experiential Approach

Carl Whitaker was a prolific psychologist, professor, and author. At first, in the late 1930s, he specialized in schizophrenia. One common issue perplexed him. Patients who had made significant progress in residential treatment often developed symptoms again when he sent them home.

Intrigued, Whitaker got more involved with family therapy. He devised experiential treatment as a platform for studying the entire family dynamic rather than just the family member who was the focus of treatment. He incorporated playacting, humor, and good-natured directness into therapy sessions. Whitaker guided discussions with empathy and encouragement.

Whitaker’s new method was wildly successful in drawing out family members who typically folded their arms and kept quiet. His ideas inspired many other successful approaches for families and individuals.


Therapeutic Activities

Since every client is unique, every treatment plan must be unique as well. The most successful plans are carefully tailored to meet specific needs. Experiential therapy activities are extremely versatile. The possibilities — which draw from nature, the arts, the human body, and much more — are almost endless. There’s truly something for everyone.

Role-play and role reversal

This improvisational exercise helps clients navigate relationships using better communication skills. It allows them to see from a different POV. This can heal painful emotions without getting hurt.

Psychodrama

Clients with a flair for the dramatic may write scripts of their life stories or of meaningful life events. They can then produce them as plays and cast others in supporting roles. With any luck, constructive feedback will give them a fresh perspective. They’ll see how they could have coped with challenging events or people in healthier ways.

Music

Exploring your feelings through music can take multiple forms:

  • Composing and singing songs
  • Playing an instrument
  • Experimenting with the latest music technology
  • Listening to music while watching imagery
  • Drawing what you hear

Art

Participants get creative and sharpen their eye for detail through sketching, painting, sculpting, collage, and other media.

Journals and Literature

Keeping a journal is a great way to release pent-up feelings. It also creates a record for measuring improvement. Alternatively, some clients read classic literary works and relate them to their own life experiences.

Animal Care

Interacting with animals has surprising therapeutic results. Clients learn empathy and reduce stress by caring for a dog, horse, or another animal. Therapy with horses is called equine therapy.

Outdoor adventures

These include activities like kayaking, hiking, zip-lining, rock climbing, and more. Adventure therapy not only releases feel-good brain chemicals, but it also teaches clients to set goals and rise to challenges. Other experiential therapy activities include meditation, yoga, guided imagery, and martial arts.


Who Can Benefit From Experiential Therapy?

Whitaker designed the therapy to give people an objective look at what they feel, say, and do. A woman watching the demise of her own marriage through psychodrama, for example, starts to see things she would say or do differently.

Eventually, clients’ focus shifts from problems to solutions. They practice healthier ways of coping with stress and negative emotions. They more or less become their own role models.

This therapy works for a wide range of issues:

  • Substance abuse disorder
  • Mental problems like depression, anxiety, or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Social awkwardness or problems with personal relationships
  • Compulsive behaviors
  • Anger mismanagement
  • Eating disorders (ED)
  • Sexual abuse or other trauma
  • Grief

A search for “experiential” on the website of the American Psychological Association (APA) turns up hundreds of articles and case studies. Even people with chronic medical conditions may benefit from experiential therapy techniques.

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The Role of Experiential Approaches in a Comprehensive Treatment Plan

Addiction and other mental issues are highly complex. Again, the most successful programs use multiple approaches. Experiential methods can’t stand on their own, but they were never intended to. From intake to long-term participation, caregivers never stop tweaking the plan. They constantly mix things up and evaluate what’s working and what’s not.

Emotion-based therapy should fit seamlessly into a multifaceted program. It’s effective in both residential and outpatient settings, but it always rounds out other proven methods.


Proven
Effective

The first goal of any therapy is to keep clients coming back for more. However, the success rate for completing programs is low. For instance, somewhere between 40% to 60% of adolescents drop out of various treatment plans before they finish.

According to one study, participants in family therapy stayed in treatment much longer if experiential exercises were included. Sixty-seven percent of those families finished all 12 sessions in the program studied. Also, 80% completed all but one session. By comparison, more than half of the families that weren’t assigned experiential exercises completed just three sessions.

Experiential Therapy vs CBT

In 2013, the Psychotherapy & Counselling Federation of Australia published the most extensive review of experiential treatment to date. It involved more than 14,000 people and 62 separate studies.

When therapists did not intentionally guide the process, experiential approaches were only slightly less effective than cognitive behavioral therapy, or CBT. CBT is a time-tested bedrock of traditional treatment.

On the other hand, when there was a high degree of process guidance by the therapist, experiential approaches were just as effective as CBT. Emotion-based treatment will probably become even more trusted as it becomes more widespread.


How Detox in Califonia Complements Experiential Therapy

One of the most important steps to recovery is detox. No one should jump into treatment without first stabilizing the body and ridding it of toxins. Detox also clears the mind so that clients can focus on treatment and recovery.

Clients require sub-acute detox in residential treatment. Experiential treatment might play a key role in your own healing or in the recovery of someone you love. Contact us today to learn more.

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